This is the widest Croatian mountain range, and a nature park, the largest in Croatia. All types of forest, open, rocky and mixed habitats are present here. However, the majority of the species which make this area important inhabit the forests; in particular, mixed fir and beech forests in the north (in the Northern Velebit National Park) and beech forests in the south.
The spruce forests, as well as black pine and hop hornbeam forests, are of the same importance. Rocky habitats with exposed cliffs are prevailing in Velika and Mala Paklenica (Paklenica National Park).
Types of habitats
- 52% forests (alpine, mostly birch and mixed fir and beech forests)
- 11% sub Mediterranean thermophilic forests and pubescent oak shrub
- 29% Mediterranean dry grasslands
- 3% Mesophile grasslands and highland grasslands
- 5% rocky and mosaic habitats of arable and aboandoned fields
One of the most important breeding areas for Capercaillie, Pygmy and Tengmalm’s Owl, White backed Woodpecker and Ortolan Bunting in Croatia. Other interesting species here are Rock Partridge, Rock Thrush, Blue Rock Thrush, Sardinian Warbler, Orphean Warbler, Subalpine Warbler, Alpine Accentor, Lesser Grey Shrike, Woidchat Shrike, Black-headed Bunting, Cirl Bunting, Short-toed Eagle, Scops Owl, Eagle Owl, Alpine Swift, House Martin, Water Pipit, Tawny Pipit, Black-eared Wheatear, Rock Bunting.